GRADE SIX SCIENCE - NEXT GENERATION SCIENCE STANDARDS
The Science Curriculum taught at Daniel Wright School reflects the recommendations of the Next Generation Science Standards.
The Daniel Wright Junior High School Science teachers rewrote the science curriculum during the 2014-2015 school year using the Next Generation Science Standards. This is the first year (2015-2016) the new units are being taught. There may be some variation between the intended curriculum, what is described here, and the implemented curriculum. Revisions may be made to the curriculum units as the unit is being taught.
To better understand the structure of the Science curriculum for the middle school (6-8) students, an explanation of four major disciplines within the field of science can be found by accessing the links below.
Science Units taught in Grade Six include:
Energy and Forces
In this unit, students will explore force, friction, motion and gravity. Using Newton’s Three Laws of Motion, students will apply what they have learned about force, friction, motion and gravity. They will understand how motion and forces are interrelated. Students will analyze electric and magnetic fields.
After looking at the concept of force, students will then develop an understanding of energy and that energy can be transformed and transferred but never destroyed. Students will understand that there are many forms of energy however the unit will focus on kinetic, and potential. Students will collect data and interpret this data to understand the relationships with an energy system.
In this unit, students will develop an understanding of basic atomic structure and composition. They will recognize the characteristics of chemical reactions and how matter and mass are conserved in these reactions. Students will develop models related to thermal energy transfer, changes in kinetic energy, particle motion, and temperature changes. Students will develop an understanding of how synthetic materials come from natural resources and how they impact society.
In this unit, students will review the concept of convection currents to understand the motion of Earth’s mantle. This will lead to the discussion of seafloor spreading and plate tectonic movement. Students will then analyze and interpret data on the distribution of fossils and rocks to explore the theories behind continental drift. After looking at Earth’s history, students will discover that different ecosystems formed in which living and nonliving components are interdependent on one another. Students will begin to see this interdependence by becoming a part of the water cycle model and studying how energy flows within food chains and food webs. We will conclude this unit, with a look at environmental issues that arise with population growth, numbers and resource availability within an ecosystem.
Scientific Inquiry Method is integrated into the Science Curriculum.
The Science Performance Expectations for Grade Six have been recommended by the Next Generation Science Standards, a collaborative group of over 20 states, including Illinois.