GRADE THREE SCIENCE - NEXT GENERATION SCIENCE STANDARDS
In Grade Three, students are expected to demonstrate grade-appropriate proficiency in asking questions and defining problems, developing and using models, planning and carrying out investigations, analyzing and interpreting data, constructing explanations and designing solutions, engaging in argument from evidence, and obtaining, evaluating, and communicating information. Students are expected to use these practices to demonstrate understanding of the core ideas.
A transition from the Illinois Learning Standards for Science to the Next Generation Science Standards will occur during the 2015-16 and 2016-17 school years.
Science Units taught in Grade Three include:
Forces and Interactions
- Plan and conduct an investigation to provide evidence of the effects of balanced and unbalanced forces on the motion of an object.
- Make observations and/or measurements of an object’s motion to provide evidence that a pattern can be used to predict future motion.
- Ask questions to determine cause and effect relationships of electric or magnetic interactions between two objects not in contact with each other.
- Define a simple design problem that can be solved by applying scientific ideas about magnets.
Animal Variation, Classification, and Adoption
- There are millions of different kinds of individual organism that inhabit the earth at any one time—some very similar to each other, some very different.
- Some likenesses between offspring and parents are inherited. Some are learned.
- For any particular environment, some kinds of animals survive well, some survive less well, and some cannot survive at all.
- Animals can be sorted into groups using various features to decide which things belong to which group.
- MAY ALSO BE ADDRESSED IN ROCK CYCLE UNIT
- “Fossils” can be compared to one another and to living organisms according to their similarities and differences. Some organisms that lived long ago are similar to existing organisms, but some are quite different.
Properties of Air and Water Cycle
- Materials may be composed of parts that are too small to be seen without magnification.
- Some features of things may stay the same even when other features change.
- Air is a substance that surrounds us, has mass, takes up space, exerts pressure and whose movement we feel as wind.
- Heating & cooling cause changes in the properties of matter (air & water).
- When liquid water disappears, it turns into a gas (vapor) in the air and can reappear as a liquid when cooled, or a solid if cooled below the freezing point of water. Clouds and fog are made of tiny droplets or frozen crystals of water.
- Many changes occur faster under hotter conditions.
- A warmer object can warm a cooler one by contact or at a distance.
Scientific Inquiry Method is integrated into the Science Curriculum.
The Science Performance Expectations for Grade Three have been recommended by the Next Generation Science Standards, a collaborative group of over 20 states, including Illinois.