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<<  District 103 Curriculum Guide > Grade 5 > Grade 5 - Science


In the Grade Five performance expectations, students are expected to demonstrate grade-appropriate proficiency in developing and using models, planning and carrying out investigations, analyzing and interpreting data, using mathematics and computational thinking, engaging in argument from evidence, and obtaining, evaluating, and communicating information; and to use these practices to demonstrate understanding of the core ideas.

A transition from the Illinois Learning Standards for Science to the Next Generation Science Standards will occur during the 2015-16 and 2016-17 school years.

Science Units taught in Grade Five include:

 Matter and Energy in Organisms (2016-2017 implementation)

  • Use models to describe that energy in animals’ food (used for body repair, growth, motion, and to maintain body warmth) was once energy from the sun.
  • Support an argument that plants get the materials they need for growth chiefly from air & water
  • Develop a model to describe the movement of matter among plants, animals, decomposers, and the environment.

Populations and Ecosystems

  • Differentiate between ecosystems, community, populations, and habitats.
  • Observe and describe changes in a living system over time.
  • Organize data, compare, analyze and communicate results of animal, plant and environmental investigations including limited factors.
  • Analyze relationships among organisms within an ecosystem.
  • Identify the challenges to survive within a specific biome and the adaptations that help plants and animals survive.
  • Distinguish between limiting factors that are natural and those that are human created.
  • Identify ways in which humans can impact ecosystems in negative & positive ways (biomes).
  • Compare biomes including their climates, locations, soil, limiting factors, plants, and animals

Meteorology - Weather

  • Monitor temperature changes when solar energy is absorbed by water and soil
  • Collect, record, analyze, and interpret weather data
  • Be introduced to uneven heating of the earth.
  • Read about how convection causes wind.
  • Explain the patterns of atmospheric movement influence local weather.
  • Investigate how meteorologists predict weather.


  • Observe the elementary processes of the rock cycle - erosion, transport and deposit.
  • Provide first hand examples using water and sandboxes and rock tumblers.
  • Connect the features to the processes and follow explanations of how the features came to be and are still changing.
  • Build devices for demonstrating how wind and water shape the land.


Scientific Inquiry Method is integrated into the Science Curriculum.

The Science Performance Expectations for Grade Five have been recommended by the Next Generation Science Standards, a collaborative group of over 20 states, including Illinois.

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